Boundary Agreement Between Pakistan And China

(i) ”Every time the border follows a river, the middle line of the river bed must be the boundary. The agreement was therefore of the utmost importance, since it is the history of bilateral relations between the two states. Not only has it resolved the border dispute between the two countries, but it has also helped to establish friendly relations between them. But in other respects too, it was important that the agreement had weighed on Pakistan`s relations with the West and dealt a blow to the Kashmir conflict. China has ceded more than 1,942 square kilometres to Pakistan and Pakistan to recognize Chinese sovereignty over hundreds of square kilometres of land in northern Kashmir and Ladakh. [2] [3] The agreement is not recognized as legal by India, which also claims the sovereignty of a part of the country. In addition to rising tensions with India, the agreement has shifted the balance of the Cold War by bringing Pakistan and China closer together, while easing relations between Pakistan and the United States. After Pakistan voted to give China a seat at the United Nations, the Chinese withdrew the controversial cards in January 1962 and agreed to begin border talks in March. The willingness of the Chinese to accede to the agreement was welcomed by the Pakistani people. Negotiations between the nations officially began on 13 October 1962 and resulted in the signing of an agreement on 2 March 1963. [1] It was signed by Foreign Minister Chen Yi for the Chinese and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto for the Pakistanis.

The Pakistani side leaves the southeast summit of this spur and reaches the curve of the Skgam or the Muztagh River. From this point, the border runs along the Kelechin River along the middle line of its bed along its confluence with the Shorbulak Daria. From the confluence, the demarcation line rises to the top of the spur and crosses the main basin of the Karakorum mountain. During this period, China was the subject of controversy with India over the eastern border of Kashmir, with India resold the previously demarcated border and claiming that such delimitations had never taken place. In their agreement, Pakistan and China acknowledged that the border had not been demarcated or demarcated, which supported the Chinese position. [6] The agreement was moderately economically beneficial for Pakistan, which obtained pasture in the agreement, but more politically important, as it reduced both the potential for conflict between China and Pakistan and, according to Syed, ”China has formally and firmly declared that Kashmir does not yet belong to India. [5] The 1963 period, which referred to the case, expressed the view that, in signing the agreement, Pakistan had further dampened the ”hopes for a settlement” of the Kashmir conflict between Pakistan and India.

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