A stock exchange is a real estate transaction in which a taxable person sells real estate held for investment or use in a business or business and uses the funds to acquire alternative property. An exchange of 1031 is governed by Section 1031 Code as well as various IRS regulations and regulations. A maturity clause is a loan, mortgage or fiduciary occupancy clause where the entire outstanding is payable immediately and at the creditor`s choice upon sale of the property acting as collateral for the loan. As a general rule, these provisions are used to prevent a subsequent buyer from paying for the financing of the existing debtor at a market value below the existing market value. A non-recourse loan is a secured loan that limits the creditor, in the event of the debtor`s default, to address only the collateral that insures the loan to satisfy the debt and not the other assets of the debtor that are not expressly guaranteed as collateral, except in certain limited and negotiated circumstances called carve-out. Non-regressions generally include an act or omission of the debtor that is an essential obligation, such as non-insurance. B or certain acts of poor quality (often called ”bad boy”), such as misappropriation or misuse of funds from property income and violation of a clause prohibiting sale. Depending on the debtor`s assets and whether the debtor is an EPS that is not an asset other than the debt and if there is a guarantor, non-recourse may be of low value. For example, with a $1 million commercial loan, an investor would make monthly payments of $6,653.02 for seven years, followed by a final balloon payment of $918,127.64, which would fully repay the loan. If the equity and loan of the combined owner are not sufficient for the financial needs of a property, a borrower may sometimes seek one or more additional lenders to finance the project. Many creditors have become increasingly hostile to secondary financing, which includes a junior mortgage guarantee right on real estate on which they hold a mortgage.
Mezzanine loans are a form of junior financing that does not guarantee the debtor`s real or personal wealth covered by the first mortgage, but a loan secured by collateral of the debtor`s property shares. Mezzanine loans are often organized into highly structured financing, along with the first mortgage. In the event of a mezzanine loan default, the lender takes over the ownership of the borrower, not the property itself. This structure is usually composed of SPEs in order to satisfy creditors with respect to the remoteness of the bankruptcy and to guarantee the value of the guarantee. For mezzanine lending operations, a borrowing agreement is generally required. Some creditors may require a guarantee from one or more members, investors, partners or shareholders of an economic organization that is the debtor. A guarantee is a promise of a third party to pay a debt or fulfill an obligation according to the loan documents if the debtor does not.